One of the biggest gaps that exist in Kenya, in specific regards to autism, is parental knowledge on what autism is and how to help their children manage their diagnosis.
Web Md describes autism as a complex neurobehavioral condition that includes impairments in social interaction and developmental language and communication skills combined with rigid, repetitive behaviors. Because of the range of symptoms, this condition is now called autism spectrum disorder (ASD). It covers a large spectrum of symptoms, skills, and levels of impairment. ASD ranges in severity from a handicap that somewhat limits an otherwise normal life to a devastating disability that may require institutional care.
In kenya, the appearance of autism within a family may be met with suspicion and a lot of fear. Many cultures believe that for a disability to be present, the mother must have done something wrong before or during her pregnancy. The stigma faced by these mothers often causes them to hide their children from the public and therefore become very isolated. There is also a large gap in availability of resources and services we often see in western countries. This therefore means that parents are left at the mercy of the internet and many acquire knowledge on autism by passing information to each other on what works or does not work.